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Target Species: King cobra Ophiophagus hannah & Spectacled cobra, Naja naja
Location: Bangalore, Karnataka, south-central India; Bhitarkanika National Park, Orissa, northeast India & Western Ghats, Karnataka, southwest India
Director: Julian Dismore


Location: King cobras in India are found primarily in the Orissa swamps to the southwest of Calcutta and the Western Ghats to the west of Chennai (Madras).

Mission Statement:

Mark sets out to investigate the many myths surrounding snakes in India. Local mythology states that if you kill a cobra, its mate will come and kill you in revenge. Perhaps getting to the bottom of this famous cobra myth will reveal something about a snake Mark has never caught in the wild, a snake that delivers enough venom to kill ten men, the King cobra.
Finding the rare and elusive king of snakes isn’t easy, but if Mark succeeds he may be able to determine at first hand whether they are indeed ‘special snakes’, whether they have a quality he has never previously encountered in all his dealings with serpents, intelligence.
He joins Mohammad Anees, an Indian snake expert, who has captured over 4,000 cobras in and around India’s high-tech software capital Bangalore, to discover how dangerous snakes and people live close together in this busy city. A common feature of life in India, this might help explain why over 10,000 Indians a year die of snakebite.
The aim is to capture common and king cobras and using techniques and sounds recorded by reptile acoustics expert Dr Bruce Young, determine whether cobras, and king cobras in particular, can actually hear airborne sounds. The common belief is that snakes do not hear airborne sounds but if that is the case, why does the king cobra growl? Could it be so a king cobra in distress could call other king cobras for help? Could this be a scientific basis for the cobras revenge myth?
Mark, Anees and Bruce visit two Indian king cobra hotspots in an attempt to capture king cobras for Bruce’s auditory tests. They travel to the remote, crocodile infested mangrove swamps of Bhitarkanika in the northeast, and then venture into the mountainous jungles of the ancient Western Ghats to the southwest. In this region the local people hold king cobras in such awe and reverence that even in death they are given the same rights as departed relatives.
If Mark does succeed in coming face to face with a wild king cobra for the first time in his life, he’ll be able to see for himself whether locals are right when they say it is easy to get lost in the eyes of this remarkable snake. Maybe this, rather than snakes calling each other for help, is the key to the secret of the cobras revenge myth….


A large King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) is one of the most impressive snakes in the world.

Species recorded during 'The Cobra's Revenge'

Species Common Name
BUFONIDAE TRUE TOADS
Bufo melanostictus Common Asian toad
Bufo microtympanum Small-eared toad
RANIDAE TRUE FROGS
Euphylyctis cyanophyctis Indian skipper frog
Rana aurantiaca Golden frog
Hoplobatrachus tigerinus Indian bullfrog
RHACOPHORIDAE FOAM-NEST TREEFROGS
Philautus sp. Bush frog
Polypedetes maculatus Indian treefrog
MICROHYLIDAE BURROWING FROGS
Kaloula taprobanica Sri Lankan bullfrog
BATAGURIDAE ASIAN HARD-SHELLED TURTLES
Melanochelys trijuga trijuga Peninsular black turtle
CROCODYLIDAE CROCODILES
Crocodylus porosus Indo-Pacific estuarine crocodile
GEKKONIDAE GEKKOES
Cnemaspis kandianus Kandy dwarf day gecko
Hemidactylus brookei Brook's house gecko
Hemidactylus frenatus Common house gecko
Hemidactylus leschenaulti Bark gecko
Hemidactylus maculatus maculatus Northern spotted gecko
SCINCIDAE SKINKS
Mabuya carinata carinata Common keeled grass skink
Mabuya macularia macularia Eastern bronze skink
Riopa punctata Spotted supple skink
Ristella guentheri Gunther's cat skink
AGAMIDAE DRAGONS
Calotes rouxii Roux's forest lizard
Calotes versicolor Common garden lizard
CHAMELEONIDAE CHAMELEONS
Chamaeleo zeylanicus Indian chameleon
VARANIDAE MONITOR LIZARDS
Varanus salvator salvator Water monitor lizard
TYPHLOPIDAE BLINDSNAKES
Ramphotyphlops braminus Brahminy blindsnake
COLUBRIDAE TYPICAL SNAKES
Ahaetulla nasuta Long-nosed vinesnake
Amphiesma beddomei Beddome's keelback
Boiga ceylonicus Ceylon catsnake
Cerberus rynchops Dog-faced watersnake
Lycodon aulicus aulicus Common wolfsnake
Lycodon travancoricus Travancore wolfsnake
Ptyas mucosus Dharman ratsnake
Xenochrophis piscator Chequered keelback
ELAPIDAE COBRAS & THEIR KIN
Bungarus caeruleus Common krait
Naja naja Spectacled cobra
Ophiophagus hannah King cobra
VIPERIDAE VIPERS & PITVIPERS
Hypnale hypnale Hump-nose pitviper
Trimeresurus malabaricus Malabar pitviper


Location: The mangove swamps of Bhitarkanika are a reputed king cobra hotspot, 6hrs by 4WD and 2hrs by boat from Bhupaneshwar, Orissa.

 


Location: Spectacled cobras are common in silicon-city Bangalore, but king cobras are confined to the ancient rainforested Western Ghats mountain range on the west coast.

 

 


O’Shea tries his hand at snake charming in Bangalore. It is all in the movements, not the music.

 


Mohammad Anees is an Indian snake expert who has caught over 4,000 cobras in Bangalore in fourteen years. He is O’Shea’s guide on his first trip to India. He is holding a water monitor lizard (Varanus salvator) from the Bhitarkanika swamps.

 

 


American, Bruce Young (Lafayette University) is an expert in reptile acoustics. Here he encounters an Indian chameleon (Chameleo zeylanicus) at Bhitarkanika.

 


Dumal is a local wildlife expert who once cut off part of his nose after he was bitten by a king cobra. He shows O’Shea and his team around the Bhitarkanika swamps.

 


O’Shea and Anees captured several spectacled cobras (Naja naja) in Bangalore.

 

 


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