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FAQ
Target Species: Komodo Dragon, Varanus komodoensis
Location: Rinca, Padar, & Komodo, Komodo Islands, Indonisia
Director: Hugo Smith


Location: The Komodo islands are located between Sumbawa and Flores in the Lesser Sunda island chain.

Mission Statement:

Komodo dragons might be amongst the most impressive carnivorous animals in the world but they are also extremely endangered. Fewer than 3,000 exist in the wild on just four islands in a very localised area in Indonesia. A single ecological catastrophe could wipe them out in the wild. Captive breeding programs are underway world wide to ensure the survival of the dragons but scientists are having problems achieving the correct sex ratios in captive populations. Dr Claudio Ciofi is conducting research into the life-history of hatchling dragons, including determining the ratio of males to females in newly hatched clutches by DNA analysis since dragons of both sexes look rather similar. Mark joins Claudio at his nest sites on Rinca and Komodo as he awaits this year’s hatch, which is late!

Mark then travels to the neighbouring island of Padar with Dr Putra Sastrawan. Deer hunters drove dragons off Padar some years ago but Putra has a dream to re-populate the island with dragons again. Once again it will be necessary to understand the natural ratios of males to females in wild populations of Komodo dragons. Apart from dragons the Komodo Island group has several other interesting and dangerous reptile species.


A large Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) is a formidable predator, armed with a powerful tail, long claws and a mouth containing a cocktail of lethally virulent bacteria.

Species recorded during 'Flesh Eaters'

Species Common Name
CHELONIDAE SEA TURTLES
Chelonia mydas Green sea turtle
GEKKONIDAE GECKOES
Cosymbotus platyurus Flat-tailed house gecko
Gekko gecko Tokay gecko
Hemidactylus Common house gecko
SCINCIDAE SKINKS
Cryptoblepharus boutonii renshi Komodo striped snake-eyed skink
Cryptoblepharus burdeni Komodo snake-eyed skink
Emoia similis Komodo blue-tailed skink
Sphenomorphus florensis florensis Flores skink
Sphenomorphus striolatus striolatus Komodo striped skink
VARANIDAE MONITOR LIZARDS
Varanus komodoensis Komodo dragon
ELAPIDAE COBRAS & THEIR KIN
Naja sputatrix Indonesian spitting cobra
VIPERIDAE VIPERS & PITVIPERS
Trimeresurus insularis Sunda Island pitviper


Location: The Komodo dragon is today found on Komodo, Rinca, Gili Motang and western Flores. They were driven off Padar by deer-hunters.


Yale herpetologist Claudio Ciofi photographs an adult dragon.

 

 


Mark O’Shea and Putra Sastrawan trek through dragon country on Rinca Island.

 

 


O’Shea uses a forked ‘tonkat’ stick to keep feeding dragons at bay.

 

 


O’Shea examines a small Indonesian spitting cobra (Naja sputatrix).

 

 


Beware the dragon’s breathe, or at least its saliva !


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